The Sahel is a highly complex environment where a large variety of terrorism and violent extremist organizations (TVEOs) continue to challenge the state authorities for supremacy. This has led to it becoming one of the most volatile regions on the African continent in recent years. The root causes of this instability are many and complex. Nonetheless a common characteristic which fuels the TVEOs is that many of their activities are cross-border and affect large areas of the Sahel.
This document is intended to be the first of many tri-annual reports whose purpose will be to provide a more comprehensive vision of trends in terrorism across the region by way of progressive analyses, in order to create a broader and more nuanced understanding of the dynamics of terrorism over time. The document is jointly produced by the African Centre for the Study and Research on Terrorism (ACSRT) of the African Union (AU) and the NATO Strategic Direction South – Hub (the Hub).…more

First Regional Senior Course on the Prevention of Violent Extremism (PVE) for Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) Member States
August 6-9, 2019 Yaounde, Cameroon

Violent extremism knows no borders. In one way or another and at different times and degrees, all African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) experience this phenomenon. The links which unite the various armed groups which come under the banner of Violent Extremist, national or transnational, are, for many, known. What is less so is the geographical dynamic of its development, particularly in Central Africa where nearly half of ECCAS member countries are directly affected, in different forms.…more
French version

Mocimboa da Praia Port Attack in Mozambique

On the evening of Tuesday 11 August 2020, suspected terrorists belonging to Al Sunna WaJammah (ASWJ) group stormed and seized the seaport in Mocimboa da Praia town, located in Mocimboa da Praia district in the northern province of Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. The clashes between the terrorists and Mozambican security forces including the navy forces known as Fuzileiros, began on 05 August 2020 in Mocimboa da Praia town. The number of casualties is yet to be known. This recent outbreak reportedly displaced huge number of persons from the town to neighbouring areas.

Boko Haram kills 98 Chadian soldiers 23 March

In the morning of Monday 23rd March, 2020 in Boma, Lac province, in the Lake Chad area, where the borders of Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria converge, Boko Haram carried out a seven-hour attack on an island army base, in the terrorist group’s deadliest assault on Chadian armed forces since their insurgency begun in north-eastern Nigeria in 2009.

160 Ethnic Fulanis killed in Central Mali

On Saturday 23rd March 2019, armed men dressed as traditional Dozo hunters attacked the villages of Ogossagou and Welingara in Central Mali and killed at least 160 inhabitants while injuring over 55 others. Although the initial body count a day after the gruesome killings was 136, the number has since risen to 160 and possibly more. The victims are said to be predominantly ethnic Fulani. The massacre, which began at 04:00 hrs (0400 GMT), is the deadliest single incident since the French intervened in Mali in the aftermath of the Tuareg uprising in 2012.



The African Centre for the Study and Research on Terrorism (ACSRT) was established as a structure of the African Union in 2004. The decision to establish the Centre was taken in 2002 as part of the AU Plan of Action to Prevent and Combat of Terrorism. Its primary role is to assist AU member States build their Counter-Terrorism capacities. Its mandate includes the conduct of research, analysis and studies on the terrorism situation and terrorist groups in Africa, maintaining a terrorism database, centralizing information on terrorism and sharing this with AU Member States. The Centre conducts assessment missions to various AU Member States in order to ascertain their Counter-Terrorism capability and compliance with International Legal instruments and then provide advice on what needs to be done.

ACSRT Twitter Conversation (#AUTerrorTrend)

This question and answer session was carried out on the African Centre for the Study and Research on Terrorism’s (ACSRT) twitter page, hosted by the ACSRT Social Media Team with Ms. Emmaculate Asige Liaga, Doctoral Candidate at the Pretoria University, South Africa as the Guest. The chat took place on the Monday, 8th October 2018 at 1000GMT. The questions from ACSRT and the corresponding answers from the Guest are produced below.

ACSRT: In your opinion, what are the push and pull factors of violent extremism in Africa? What could be the similarities and differences with other geographical areas?

1. To begin with, violent extremism in Africa is met by a combination of structural push factors, which indirectly fuel radicalization, and individual pull factors, that directly impact radicalization, and create an appeal for violent extremism.

Trend Alert

Djihadists Attacks During Ramadan

Ramadan is the most sacred month in Islam guarded by pillars in which Muslims have to adhere to fasting, praying, recital of faith, charity and pilgrimage. It is a period in which Muslims tend to cultivate a sense of inner peace and spiritual devotion to Allah. “…more

Allégéance de Boko Haram à l’Organisation de l’Etat Islamique

Le 07 Mars 2015, Abubakar Shekau, chef du groupe Boko Haram, s’exprimant en arabe dans un message audio de 8 minutes et 26 secondes, sous-titré en anglais et en français, annonce :
– annonce son allégeance au calife des musulmans, Ibrahim ibn Awad ibn Ibrahim al-Husseini al-Qurashi, alias Abou Baqr al-Baghdadi, Chef de
l’Organisation de l’Etat Islamique.(Listen) “…more