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AFRICA RECORDED A TOTAL OF 195 TERRORIST ATTACKS RESULTING IN A TOTAL OF 573 DEATHS

Map Oct 2020-s

General Situation. The reporting period, 1st to 31st October, 2020 recorded a decrease in the number of terrorist attacks compared to the period 1st to 30th September 2020. At the end of October 2020 there were 195 terrorist attacks compared to 189 for September 2020, representing a 3% decrease. There was a decrease in the number of deaths from terrorist attacks. While there were 678 deaths recorded in September, 573 deaths were recorded in October, representing 18% decrease.

Countries Most Affected. The five countries most affected by terrorist and violent extremist attacks during the period were: DRC, Somalia, Mali, Mozambique, and Nigeria. (In decreasing order).
Targets of Terrorist and VE Attacks. While 122 out of the 195 terrorist attacks were launched against Civilians, 63 targeted Military/Security forces. Seven attacks targeted International Organisations and three attacks targeted Governmental Institutions/Officials. The attacks by Mai-Mai groups and ADF were mainly against Civilians, whilst Al-Shabaab mostly targeted Military/Security Forces.
Weapons Used. The terrorist and VE groups used Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALWs) in 151 out of the 195 attacks. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were used in 20 of the attacks and Mixed (SALW & IED) were used in four of the attacks.
Deaths from Terrorists and VE Attacks. 573 deaths were recorded during the period: 284 civilians, 152 Military/Security personnel and 137 terrorists.

Casualties Inflicted by Terrorist and Violent Extremist Groups.
Mai-Mai groups killed 81 persons (61 civilians and 20 Military/Security Forces); Al-Shabaab killed 72 persons (08 civilians, 64 Military/Security Forces); ASWJ killed 54 persons, (52 civilians, 02 Military/Security Forces); ADF killed 34 persons (28 civilians, 06 Military/Security Forces); Boko Haram killed 34 persons (29 civilians and 5 Military/Security Forces); ISWAP killed 14 Military/Security Forces.
Other VE groups killed 19 persons (17 civilians and 02 Military/Security Forces); Unknown groups killed 128 persons (89 civilians, 39 Military/Security Forces).

Casualties Sustained by Terrorist Groups.
ASWJ, Mai-Mai groups, Boko Haram, ADF, other VE groups and unknown groups suffered the highest number of casualties during the period. Military/Security forces killed 270 ASWJ members, 191 Mai-Mai group members, 42 Boko Haram.

50 members from unknown groups and 20 members of other VE groups were also killed. ISWAP suffered 07 deaths and 04 Al-Shabaab fighters.

Kidnapping. 20 cases of kidnapping were recorded.
A total of 82 persons were taken hostage in DRC, Mali and Cameroon, while 45 captives were released during the same period.

Focus on Epicentres. Out of the 195 terrorist attacks, the Great Lakes region recorded 116 attacks with 237 deaths, the Horn of Africa recorded 33 attacks with 89 deaths, the Sahel region accounted for 25 attacks and 106 deaths and Lake Chad Basin accounted for 9 attacks with 76 deaths during the period.

High Profile Attacks.
12 October, Mopti region, Mali. An ambush and IED attack by suspected terrorists on FAMa led to the deaths of 12 soldiers and injury to 14 others. The attack also led to the deaths of 14 civilians including two women and a child. A counter-attack by FAMa led to the deaths of nine terrorists and the destruction of two vehicles. 21 October, Mopti region, Mali. An attack by suspected terrorists led to the deaths of 26 people and many others missing. 31 October, Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. ASWJ terrorists carried out attacks on several villages beheading 20 people, including 15 teenagers, in the village of 24 de Março while unknown number of children from Nchinga were also kidnapped.

Counter-Terrorism Response. CT operations resulted in neutralizing 459 terrorists. 23 Military/Security Forces died during those operations.

Conclusion/Recommendations.
As the use of SALWs has by far been the weapon of choice if choice by T/VE groups across all the regions of the continent and in line with its silencing the guns project in 2020, there is the need to curtail the flow of SALW to areas of conflict so as to deny terrorists from laying hands on them.
– The need to respect the leadership of the countries of the region in handling their own affairs and to support regional and sub-regional organizations in playing their important roles.

– We recommend that the governments of Southern and Central African countries enhance their counter-terrorism strategies and strengthen CT cooperation, particularly on border security, in light of the terrorist’s incursion into countries of these regions.

– Continuous engagement with all partners to urgently advance a comprehensive approach that brings peace.

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Déclaration du Président de la Commission de l’Union Africaine S.E. M. Moussa Faki Mahamat, sur les attaques au Niger et les enlèvements au Nigeria

AU-CP

Addis Abeba, le 14 décembre 2020 : Le Président de la Commission de l’Union africaine, SEM Moussa Faki Mahamat, s’est indigné de l’attaque barbare perpétrée par la secte Boko Haram dans la région de Diffa au sud du Niger ayant fait plus de 27 morts et de nombreux blessés.

Le Président de la Commission condamne par la même occasion l’attaque d’une école d’enseignement secondaire dans l’Etat de Katsina dans le nord du Nigéria et l’enlèvement de plusieurs élèves.

Face à la recrudescence des activités terroristes au tour du Lac Tchad, le Président de la Commission appelle à intensifier la lutte contre le terrorisme sous toutes ses formes et à une plus grande solidarité avec les Etats de la région.

Il présente ses condoléances aux familles des victimes et demande que des actions urgentes soient prises pour retrouver les enfants enlevés.

AFRICA RECORDED A TOTAL OF 189 TERRORIST ATTACKS RESULTING IN A TOTAL OF 678 DEATHS

General Situation. The reporting period, 1st to 30th September 2020 recorded an increase of terrorist attacks compared to the period 1st to 31st August 2020. At the end of September 2020 there were 189 terrorist attacks compared to 183 for August2020, representing a 03% increase. With respect to casualties, there was a decrease in the number of deaths from terrorist attacks. While there were 763 deaths recorded in August 2020, 678 deaths were recorded in September 2020, representing 11% decrease.

Countries Most Affected. The five countries most affected by terrorist and violent extremist attacks during the period were: DRC, Somalia, Mozambique, Nigeria and Mali. (In decreasing order).

Targets of Terrorist and VE Attacks. While 117 out of the 189 terrorist attacks were launched against Civilians, 64 targeted Military/Security Forces. Five attacks targeted Governmental Institutions/Officials and three attacks targeted International Organisations. The attacks by Mai-Mai groups and ADF were mainly against Civilians, whilst Al-Shabaab mostly targeted Military/Security Forces.
Weapons Used. The terrorist groups used Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALWs) in 155 out of the 189 attacks. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were used in 14 of the attacks and Mixed (SALW & IED) were used in two of the attacks.
Deaths from Terrorists and VE Attacks. 678 deaths were recorded during the period: 320 civilians, 198 terrorists and 160 Military/Security personnel.

Casualties Inflicted by Terrorist and Violent Extremist Groups.
ADF killed 97 persons, all civilians; Al-Shabaab killed 78 persons (52 civilians, 26 Military/Security Forces); ISWAP killed 41 persons (13 civilians and 28 Military/Security Forces); Boko Haram killed 72 persons (29 civilians and 43 Military/Security Forces); ASWJ killed 12 persons (10 civilians and 02 Military/Security Forces); ISGS killed 03 persons, all civilians; JNIM killed one civilian; Mai-Mai groups killed 38 persons (25 civilians and 13 Military/Security Forces); Other VE groups killed 11 persons (03 civilians and 08 Military/Security Forces); Unknown groups killed 127 persons (88 civilians, 39 Military/Security Forces).

Casualties Sustained by Terrorist Groups. Al-Shabaab, Mai-Mai groups, Boko Haram and ISWAP suffered highest number of casualties during the period.
Military/Security forces killed 113 Al-Shabaab, 69 of Mai-Mai group members, 52 members of Boko Haram and 20 of ISWAP fighters. Other IS affiliates suffered 07 deaths and ASWJ suffered 06 deaths. 40 members of other VE groups and 127 members from unknown groups were also killed.
Kidnapping. 18 cases of kidnappings were recorded.
A total of 52 persons were taken hostage in DRC, Nigeria, Kenya and Burkina Faso while 156 captives were released during the same period.

Focus on Epicentres. Out of the 189 terrorist attacks, the Great Lakes region recorded 97 attacks with 251 deaths, the Horn of Africa recorded 31 attacks with 127 deaths, the Sahel region accounted for 22 attacks and 100 deaths and Lake Chad Basin accounted for 14 attacks with 124 deaths during the period.

High Profile Attacks.
04 September, Galmudug, Somalia. 30 people, including 16 militants, died following clashes between villagers and Al-Shabaab fighters. 04 September, Guire Town, Mali. An attack by armed men using an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) and automatic weapons on a military convoy led to the deaths of 10 soldiers and four damaged military vehicles. A counter attack by the Malian Armed Forces (FAMa) led to the deaths of 20 attackers. 25 September, Borno State, Nigeria. Suspected members of Boko Haram terrorists’ group attacked a convoy of the State Governor. Five soldiers, 12 police men, and 13 civilians were killed. They also took away one police armoured car, one gun truck belonging to the military and six utility vehicles. 01 September, Borno State, Nigeria. An attack by the Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) on a military post led to the deaths of nine soldiers and the burning of three vehicles. A counter-attack by the military led to the deaths of 20 insurgents. 24 September, Touldeni village, Burkina Faso. An attack by suspected armed terrorists led to the deaths of six Volunteers for the Defence of the Fatherland (VDP) and injury to two others. A counter-attack by VDP led to the deaths of 20 assailants. 10 September, South Kivu, DRC. A clash between the YAKUTUMBA-BILOZE BISHAMBUKE coalition and militiamen from the MAKANIKA armed group resulted in: 24 dead (20 on the MAKANIKA side and 04 on the YAKUTUMBA) and 45 injured (38 on the MAKANIKA side and 07 on the YAKUTUMBA side). 12 September, Pundanhar, Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. Three vehicles traveling through Pundanhar were attacked by suspected terrorists, 24 civilians were killed.

Counter-Terrorism Response. CT operations resulted in neutralizing 237 terrorists. Five Military/Security Forces died during those operations.

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AFRICA RECORDED A TOTAL OF 183 TERRORIST ATTACKS RESULTING IN A TOTAL OF 763 DEATHS

Map-Aug-2020-s

General Situation. The reporting period, 1st to 31st August 2020 recorded a lower number of terrorist attacks compared to the period 1st to 31st July 2020. At the end of August 2020 there were 183 terrorist attacks compared to 288 for July 2020, representing a 57% decrease. With respect to casualties, there was also a decrease in the number of deaths from terrorist attacks. While there were 1035 deaths recorded in July 2020, 763 deaths were recorded in August 2020, representing 36% decrease.

Countries Most Affected. The five countries most affected by terrorist attacks during the period were: DRC, Somalia, Mali, Mozambique and Burkina Faso. (In decreasing order).
Target of Terrorist and VE Attacks. While 101 out of the 183 terrorist attacks were launched against Civilians, 70 targeted Military/Security Forces. Nine attacks targeted Governmental Institutions/Officials and three attacks targeted International Organisations. The attacks by Mai-Mai groups and ADF were mainly against Civilians, whilst Al-Shabaab mostly targeted Military/Security Forces.
Weapons Used. The terrorist groups used Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALWs) in 143 out of the 183 attacks. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were used in 27 of the attacks and Mixed (SALW & IED) were used in three of the attacks.
Deaths from Terrorists and VE Attacks. 763 deaths were recorded during the period: 400 civilians, 204 Military/Security personnel and 159 terrorists.

Casualties Inflicted by Terrorist and Violent Extremist Groups. ASWJ killed 112 persons (45 civilians and 67 Military/Security Forces); ADF killed 103 persons (77 civilians, 26 Military/Security Forces); Al-Shabaab killed 88 persons (34 civilians, 54 Military/Security Forces);
Boko Haram killed 17 persons, all civilians; ISWAP killed 17 persons (14 civilians and 03 Military/Security Forces);
Other IS Affiliates in North Africa killed one Military/Security Forces; Mai-Mai groups killed 118 persons (92 civilians and 26 Military/Security Forces); Other VE groups killed 30 persons (29 civilians and 01 Military/Security Forces); Unknown groups killed 151 persons (114 civilians, 37 Military/Security Forces).

Casualties Sustained by Terrorist Groups. Al-Shabaab, Mai-Mai groups, ISWAP and Boko Haram suffered highest number of casualties during the period.
Military/Security forces killed 147 Al-Shabaab, 63 of Mai-Mai group members, 23 members of ISWAP and 22 of Boko Haram fighters. ASWJ suffered 16 casualties. 36 members of other VE groups and 62 members from unknown groups were also killed during the period.

Kidnapping.
10 cases of kidnappings were recorded.
A total of 302 persons were taken hostage in DRC, Niger, Burkina Faso and Mali while 143 captives were released during the same period.

Focus on Epicentres. Out of the 183 terrorist attacks, the Great Lakes region recorded 90 attacks with 280 deaths, the Horn of Africa recorded 43 attacks with 190 deaths, the Sahel region accounted for 32 attacks and 106 deaths and Lake Chad Basin accounted for seven attacks with 50 deaths during the period.

High Profile Attacks.
10 August, Litamanda Village, Macomia District, Cabo Delgado Province, Mozambique. Suspected ASWJ ambushed the military killing 55 soldiers.
13 August, Cabo Delgado Province, Mozambique. Suspected ASJW reportedly sank a boat carrying displaced persons from Nkomangano village to Nhongue Island, killing 40 people.
10 August, Mogadishu, Somalia. Al-Shabaab inmates who smuggled pistols and grenades inside a prison attacked and killed four guards and two civilians. Fifteen inmates including four Al-Shabaab inmates were also killed.
07 August, Gourma Province, Burkina Faso. An attack by unknown gunmen led to the deaths of 25 people.
27 August, Mopti Region, Mali. Unknown terrorists ambushed FAMA forces killing four soldiers and injuring 12 others. A counter attack by the military killed 20 terrorists. Two pick-ups trucks were recovered and 12 motorcycles destroyed.
26 August, North-Kivu Province, DRC. 24 dead bodies of civilians, killed by ADF/MTM were discovered.
07 August, Bay, Somalia. Al-Shabaab fighters launched an attack on a Somali National Army (SNA) base resulting in a gun battle in which 17 terrorists were killed and 23 others injured in retaliation. Five soldiers were also killed including a senior officer.

Counter-Terrorism Response. CT operations resulted in neutralizing 250 terrorists. 11 Military/Security Forces died during those operations.

Conclusions/Recommendations. The military coup in Mali on 18th August 2020 that overthrew the government of Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (IBK) has the tendency to exacerbate the already fragile security situation in Mali and the Sahel. The current volatility in the region begun after the Tuareg uprising in Mali in January 2012 and was exacerbated by the military overthrow of the Amadou Toumani Toure’s government. The uncertainty that followed the overthrow of President Amadou Toure was exploited by terrorist and armed groups to make significant territorial gains in northern Mali. Although there hasn’t been obvious deterioration of the terrorism situation in Mali since the 18th August coup, the wide-raging economic sanctions imposed by ECOWAS and the uncertainty regarding the future of the junta could lead to a repetition of the 2012 debacle.

Considering the fact the terrorism incidents in the Sahel have been dwindling since April, it is essential that all stakeholders including the Malian people, the Military junta, ECOWAS, the AU and other international partners work together to address the uncertainty around the transition government that will lead to the lifting of all sanctions and to enable the Malian state work towards a stable environment that will not be exploited by terrorists.

Southern Africa Region is being increasingly affected by terrorism and violent extremist activities. For the first time since the scourge emerged in the region, it recorded, during the month under review, a higher number of deaths than the West Africa Region. It also recorded the highest total deaths of military/security personnel in the continent.

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