AFRICA RECORDED A TOTAL OF 195 TERRORIST ATTACKS RESULTING IN A TOTAL OF 573 DEATHS

Map Oct 2020-s

General Situation. The reporting period, 1st to 31st October, 2020 recorded a decrease in the number of terrorist attacks compared to the period 1st to 30th September 2020. At the end of October 2020 there were 195 terrorist attacks compared to 189 for September 2020, representing a 3% decrease. There was a decrease in the number of deaths from terrorist attacks. While there were 678 deaths recorded in September, 573 deaths were recorded in October, representing 18% decrease.

Countries Most Affected. The five countries most affected by terrorist and violent extremist attacks during the period were: DRC, Somalia, Mali, Mozambique, and Nigeria. (In decreasing order).
Targets of Terrorist and VE Attacks. While 122 out of the 195 terrorist attacks were launched against Civilians, 63 targeted Military/Security forces. Seven attacks targeted International Organisations and three attacks targeted Governmental Institutions/Officials. The attacks by Mai-Mai groups and ADF were mainly against Civilians, whilst Al-Shabaab mostly targeted Military/Security Forces.
Weapons Used. The terrorist and VE groups used Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALWs) in 151 out of the 195 attacks. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were used in 20 of the attacks and Mixed (SALW & IED) were used in four of the attacks.
Deaths from Terrorists and VE Attacks. 573 deaths were recorded during the period: 284 civilians, 152 Military/Security personnel and 137 terrorists.

Casualties Inflicted by Terrorist and Violent Extremist Groups.
Mai-Mai groups killed 81 persons (61 civilians and 20 Military/Security Forces); Al-Shabaab killed 72 persons (08 civilians, 64 Military/Security Forces); ASWJ killed 54 persons, (52 civilians, 02 Military/Security Forces); ADF killed 34 persons (28 civilians, 06 Military/Security Forces); Boko Haram killed 34 persons (29 civilians and 5 Military/Security Forces); ISWAP killed 14 Military/Security Forces.
Other VE groups killed 19 persons (17 civilians and 02 Military/Security Forces); Unknown groups killed 128 persons (89 civilians, 39 Military/Security Forces).

Casualties Sustained by Terrorist Groups.
ASWJ, Mai-Mai groups, Boko Haram, ADF, other VE groups and unknown groups suffered the highest number of casualties during the period. Military/Security forces killed 270 ASWJ members, 191 Mai-Mai group members, 42 Boko Haram.

50 members from unknown groups and 20 members of other VE groups were also killed. ISWAP suffered 07 deaths and 04 Al-Shabaab fighters.

Kidnapping. 20 cases of kidnapping were recorded.
A total of 82 persons were taken hostage in DRC, Mali and Cameroon, while 45 captives were released during the same period.

Focus on Epicentres. Out of the 195 terrorist attacks, the Great Lakes region recorded 116 attacks with 237 deaths, the Horn of Africa recorded 33 attacks with 89 deaths, the Sahel region accounted for 25 attacks and 106 deaths and Lake Chad Basin accounted for 9 attacks with 76 deaths during the period.

High Profile Attacks.
12 October, Mopti region, Mali. An ambush and IED attack by suspected terrorists on FAMa led to the deaths of 12 soldiers and injury to 14 others. The attack also led to the deaths of 14 civilians including two women and a child. A counter-attack by FAMa led to the deaths of nine terrorists and the destruction of two vehicles. 21 October, Mopti region, Mali. An attack by suspected terrorists led to the deaths of 26 people and many others missing. 31 October, Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. ASWJ terrorists carried out attacks on several villages beheading 20 people, including 15 teenagers, in the village of 24 de Março while unknown number of children from Nchinga were also kidnapped.

Counter-Terrorism Response. CT operations resulted in neutralizing 459 terrorists. 23 Military/Security Forces died during those operations.

Conclusion/Recommendations.
As the use of SALWs has by far been the weapon of choice if choice by T/VE groups across all the regions of the continent and in line with its silencing the guns project in 2020, there is the need to curtail the flow of SALW to areas of conflict so as to deny terrorists from laying hands on them.
– The need to respect the leadership of the countries of the region in handling their own affairs and to support regional and sub-regional organizations in playing their important roles.

– We recommend that the governments of Southern and Central African countries enhance their counter-terrorism strategies and strengthen CT cooperation, particularly on border security, in light of the terrorist’s incursion into countries of these regions.

– Continuous engagement with all partners to urgently advance a comprehensive approach that brings peace.

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