AFRICA RECORDED A TOTAL OF 156 TERRORIST ATTACKS RESULTING IN A TOTAL OF 575 DEATHS

Map-Nov-2020-s

General Situation. The reporting period, 1st to 30th November 2020 recorded a decrease of terrorist attacks compared to the period 1st to 31st October 2020. At the end of November 2020 there were 156 terrorist attacks compared to 195 for October 2020, representing a 20% decrease. With respect to casualties, there was an increase in the number of deaths from terrorist attacks. While there were 573 deaths recorded in October 2020, 575 deaths were recorded in November 2020, representing about 01% increase.

Countries Most Affected. The five countries most affected by terrorist and violent extremist attacks during the period were: DRC, Somalia, Mali, Mozambique, and Burkina Faso. (In decreasing order).

Targets of Terrorist and VE Attacks. While 100 out of the 156 terrorist attacks were launched against Civilians, 42 targeted Military/Security Forces. 11 attacks targeted International Organisations and three attacks targeted Governmental Institutions/Officials. The attacks by Mai-Mai groups and ADF were mainly against Civilians, whilst Al-Shabaab mostly targeted Military/Security Forces.

Weapons Used. The terrorist groups used Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALWs) in 113 out of the 156 attacks and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were used in 28 of the attacks.

Deaths from Terrorists and VE Attacks. 575 deaths were recorded during the period: 369 civilians, 116 Military/Security personnel and 90 terrorists.

Casualties Inflicted by Terrorist and Violent Extremist Groups.
ADF killed 107 persons (97 civilians, 10 Military/Security Forces); Al-Shabaab killed 87 persons (34 civilians, 53 Military/Security Forces); ASWJ killed 59 persons, all civilians; Boko Haram killed 54 persons all civilians; ISGS killed 14 persons all civilians; ISWAP killed 09 persons all Military/Security Forces. Other VE groups killed 09 persons all civilians; Mai-Mai groups killed 53 persons (33 civilians and 20 Military/Security Forces); Unknown groups killed 93 persons (69 civilians, 24 Military/Security Forces).

Casualties Sustained by Terrorist Groups. Mai-Mai groups, Al-Shabaab, ADF, ASWJ and ISGS suffered highest number of casualties during the period.
Military/Security forces killed 70 Mai-Mai group members, 32 of Al-Shabaab fighters 20 members of ADF and 16 ASWJ terrorist members. Other ISGS suffered 09 deaths, Boko Haram suffered 08 members killed. 19 members of other VE groups and 47 members from unknown groups were also killed.

Kidnapping. 15 cases of kidnappings were recorded.
A total of 83 persons were taken hostage in DRC, Mali and Cameroon while nine captives were released during the same period.

Focus on Epicentres. Out of the 156 terrorist attacks, the Great Lakes region recorded 93 attacks with 229 deaths, the Horn of Africa recorded 25 attacks with 90 deaths, the Sahel region accounted for 23 attacks with 58 deaths and Lake Chad Basin accounted for three attacks with 63 deaths during the period.

High Profile Attacks.
16 November, Beni, North Kivu Province, DRC. 29 persons found dead in the locality. ADF/MTM is suspected to have killed prisoners kidnapped from Kangbayi prison in Beni. 07 November, Dhusamareb, Galgadud, Somalia. A clash between Somali National Army (SNA) supported by AMISOM’s Djiboutian troops and Al-Shabaab militants left 24 soldiers dead and 12 others wounded. 02 November, Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. Insurgents launched attack on the town kidnapping five civilians. In response; security forces reportedly killed 33 insurgents. 06 November, Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. ASWJ attacked the villages, kidnapped people and brought them to Muatide football pitch for beheading. More than 50 people were beheaded at the pitch. Women and children were also abducted and several homes burnt down. 11 November, Oudalan Province, Burkina Faso. An ambush by members of Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS) against a patrol of Burkinabe soldiers led to the deaths of 14 soldiers and injury to eight others. A counter-attack by the soldiers led to the deaths of nine terrorists. 28 November, Borno State, Nigeria. An attack by Boko Haram terrorists led to the deaths of 43 people and injury to six others.

Counter-Terrorism Response. CT operations resulted in neutralizing 131 terrorists. Seven Military/Security Forces died during those operations across the continent.

Conclusions/Recommendations. Terrorist activities during the reporting period were decreasing compared to the previous month of October. This decline could be due to the extensive counter terrorism operations carried out by security forces of respective countries and regional joint forces. In spite of the enormous efforts devoted by numerous counterterrorism operations, both at the national and regional levels, the African continent has yet to come close to defeating terrorism and violent extremism or contain it. Terrorist groups have expanded their terrorist activities and changed their tactics, which certainly caused a significant number of innocent civilian casualties. ACSRT recommends preventive measures which do not only focus on military actions.

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