General Situation.
The reporting period, 1st to 31st March 2020 recorded a higher number of attacks compared to the period 1st to 29th February 2020. At the end of March 2020 there were 153 terrorist attacks

compared to 139 for the period of 1st to 29th February 2020. With respect to casualties, there was also an increase in the number of deaths from terrorist attacks. While there were 748 deaths recorded in February 2020, 944 deaths were recorded in March 2020, representing a 24% increase.

Countries Most Affected.
The five countries most affected by terrorism during the reporting period were: Mali, DRC, Somalia, Burkina Faso and Nigeria. (In decreasing order of attacks recorded).

Target of Terrorist Attacks.
While 91 out of the 153 terrorist attacks were launched against Civilian targets, 51 targeted Military/Security Forces. Six attacks targeted International Organisations and five attacks targeted Government Institutions/Officials. The attacks by Boko Haram and JNIM were mainly against Military/Security Forces, whilst Al-Shabaab, Mai-Mai and other unknown groups mostly targeted civilians.

Weapons Used.
The terrorist groups used Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALWs) in 115 out of the 153 attacks. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were used in 25 of the attacks and IEDs & SALWs were used in two attacks.

Deaths from Terrorists Attacks.
944 deaths were recorded during the period: 399 civilians, 352 Military/Security personnel and 193 terrorists.

Casualties Inflicted by Terrorist Groups.
Boko Haram killed 132 persons (5 civilians, 127 Military/Security Forces); Al-Shabaab killed 41 persons (22 civilians, 19 Military/Security Forces); JNIM killed 36 Military/Security Forces; ISCAP/ASWJ killed 33 persons (3 civilians, 30 Military/Security Forces); ADF killed 26 persons (7 civilians, 19 Military/Security Forces); ISWAP killed 16 persons (3 civilians, 13 Military/Security Forces); Mai-Mai killed 3 persons (2 civilians, 1 Military/Security Force); and unknown/other groups killed 527 persons (369 civilians, 158 Military/Security Forces).

Casualties Sustained by Terrorist Groups.
Al-Shabaab suffered the highest number of causalities during the period. Military/Security forces killed 253 Al-Shabaab terrorists. Boko Haram followed with 160 terrorists killed, ADF lost 80 terrorists, Mai-Mai lost 30 elements, JNIM lost 25 and 231 terrorists from other groups were also killed.

11casof kidnapping were recorded and a total of 54 persons were taken hostage in Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali and DRC during the period. Three captives were killed and 19 were released. 32 abductees remain in hostage.

Focus on Epicentres.
Out of the 153 terrorist attacks, the Sahel region accounted for 61 and 269 deaths, Central Africa epicenter (DRC) recorded 29 with 140 deaths, and the Horn of Africa recorded 25 attacks with 62 deaths during the period.

High Profile Attacks.
01 March, in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Unidentified armed men attacked the villages of Kerawa, Zareyawa and Marina, killed 51 people and left many injured.08 March, in Yatenga, Burkina Faso, Unidentified armed men attacked the villages of Barga and Dinguila and killed 43 people.09 February, in Auno Town, Borno State, Nigeria. 15 March, Diffa Region, Niger. An attack by Boko Haram on a military camp resulted in an injury to a soldier. A counter–attack by the military led to the death of 50 Boko Haram terrorists. Boko Haram elements attacked and killed 30 civilians and destroyed 18 vehicles.23 March, in Lake Chad, Chad. Boko Haram fighters launched an attack against a Chadian military base in the Island of Boma that resulted in the killing of 98 Chadian soldiers and injury to 50 others. 23 March, in Borno State, Nigeria. An ambush by unidentified fighters resulted in the deaths of 70 Nigerian soldiers.

Counter-Terrorism Response.
CT operations resulted in neutralizing 586 terrorists. 51 Military/Security Forces died during those operations.

The intensification of terrorism and violent extremism attacks across the Continent distracts the livelihood of the people and disrupts development. This has given rise to forced displacement, exacerbating the insecurities of the populations. The persistent violence also undermines the numerous counter terrorism efforts across the continent. In new areas where violence is escalating, regional and continental counter terrorism efforts should hasten tackle the problem before it becomes a fully blown regional and continental catastrophe.

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