Evaluation Mission of ACSRT to Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia

Experts from the Africa Centre for the Study and Research on Terrorism (ACSRT), Ambassador Francisco Caetano Madeira(Director of the ACSRT), Judith van der Merwe  (Analyst: Alert and Prevention)were invited by the governments of Mozambique; Zambia; and Botswana , to evaluate the state of implementation of UN Security Council Resolutions 1373 (2001), 1624 (2005).

During the evaluation visit to the abovementioned countries, importance of inter-state cooperation was emphasized due to the universal phenomena of terrorism. It was reiterated  that States support one another in Counter Terrorism training; capacity building; information gathering; risk assessment; research methodology; criminal investigations; judiciary prosecution; counter terrorism legislation and data-base utilization

During the deliberations between the ACSRT and  officials of the Mozambican; Botswana and Zambia governments, as well as law enforcement agencies,  topics revolved around the implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1373 (2001) and 1624 (2005); existing Counter-Terrorism legislation; modalities of inter-state cooperation in criminal matters; practice; mutual legal assistance; transfer of criminal proceedings; financial law and practice; money laundering.

During the mission, the expert teams focused on, and compiled their observations in a report with recommendations for action in, the subsequent areas:

COUNTER TERRORISM LEGISLATION:

offences, penalties, competence of the courts, criminal procedures, special investigation measures, legislation on weapons, explosives and dangerous substances, and legislation on asylum and immigration.

MEASURES TO PREVENT THE USE OF ASSETS FOR CRIMINAL PURPOSES:

Anti-money laundering legislation, legislation against the financing of terrorism, the supervision of the non-financial sector, structures for the oversight of the financial system and mechanisms for seizure and confiscation of the proceeds of crime.

EFFECTIVENESS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT SERVICES:  counter terrorism mechanism, coordination of services, early warning system and methods for combating and preventing criminal activities linked to terrorism.

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION:

mechanism for the international cooperation in criminal matters, status of ratification of counter-terrorism conventions, modalities for and effectiveness of judicial cooperation with regional and international organizations.

TERRITORIAL CONTROL:

control of cross-border movement of persons, control of cargo, mechanisms for the issuance and control of identity and travel documents and methods for the prevention and detection of document forgery and fraud.

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE:

identification of assistance needs through dialogue with the State concerned and facilitation of the provision of assistance by donor countries and international organizations.

The Director of the African Centre for the Study and Research on Terrorism (ACSRT/CAERT) of the African Union (Ambassador Francisco Caetano Madeira) said in his statement that the adoption of the 1999 AU Protocol on the fight against terrorism form an important cornerstone in the counter terrorism strategies of African states. Moreover, he stated that the AU Plan of Action for the Prevention of Terrorism (2002) is currently being populated by member States, and once finalized it will form an important framework in the implementation of a Counter Terrorism Strategy in Africa.