AFRICA RECORDED A TOTAL OF 86 TERRORIST ATTACKS RESULTING IN A TOTAL OF 296 DEATHS

Map 1-15 October 2019-s

General Situation.
The reporting period, 1st to 15th October 2019 recorded an increase in the number of attacks compared to the period 16tt to 30th September 2019. However, casualties inflicted by terrorist and violent extremist groups across Africa drastically decreased.

Terrorist Attacks.
A total of 86 terrorist attacks were recorded across Africa compared to 78 attacks during the preceding period. Countries Most Affected. The five countries most affected by terrorism during the period were Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Somalia, Rwanda and DRC (In decreasing order of deaths recorded).

Target of Terrorist Attacks.
While 49 out of the 86 terrorist attacks were launched against civilians, 26 were targeted at Military/Security Forces. Eight attacks targeted international forces (AMISOM and MINUSMA) and three others targeted Government Institutions/ Officials. The attacks by al Shabaab were mainly against Security Forces whilst ISWAP, Boko Haram (SF) and ISCAP/ADF mostly targeted civilians. The majority of attacks conducted by unidentified/unaffiliated groups targeted more civilians.

Weapons Used.
The terrorist groups used Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) in 54 out of the 86 attacks. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were used in 22 of the attacks and 10 attacks were cases of kidnapping.

Terrorism Deaths/Casualties.
A total number of 296 deaths were recorded during the period. The actual casualty figures for the period were 142 civilians, 84 Military/Security personnel and 70 terrorists. Casualties Inflicted by Terrorist Groups. Al Shabaab killed 38 persons (5 civilians, 33 Security); Boko Haram killed 16 persons (14 civilians, 2 Security); ISWAP killed 11 persons (all security personnel); ISCAP/ADF killed 3 civilians; and Unknown/Other groups killed 161 persons (121 civilians, 40 Security).

Casualties Sustained by Terrorist Groups.
Al Shabaab suffered the highest casualties during the period. Security forces killed 41 al Shabaab militants. IS affiliates in Libya followed with seven militants killed. Boko Haram lost three militants, ISWAP lost one militant, and 75 militants from Unknown/Other groups were also killed.

Kidnapping.
10 cases of kidnapping were recorded and a total of 50 persons were taken hostage in Cameroon, Libya, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria and Somalia. Two out of the 50 persons kidnapped were killed, eight were released and 40 others remained in hostage. Security Forces also rescued 16 people who were taken hostage in September.

Focus on Epicentres.
Out of the 86 terrorist attacks, Sahel region accounted for 35, Horn of Africa recorded 20, and the Lake Chad Basin recorded 18. The Sahel region recorded 108 deaths, the Lake Chad Basin recorded 60 deaths and the Horn of Africa recorded 45 deaths during the period under review. High Profile Incidents. 04 October, Madoudji village, Arbinda, Soum Burkina Faso, Unidentified armed men attacked a Dolamne gold mining site, killing 23 people. 11 October, Salmossi, Markoye, Oudalan, Burkina Faso, Unidentified gunmen attacked a Grand Mosque during prayers, killing 16 worshippers and injuring two others.

Counter-Terrorism Response.
Deliberate CT operations resulted in neutralizing of 57 militants of terrorist groups. Two security forces and one civilian were also killed.

Conclusions/Recommendations.
During the period under review, complex attacks on military bases in Nigeria, Burkina Faso and Mali resulted in the looting of stockpiles of sophisticated government arms and ammunition by terrorist groups. This situation is similar to the recent experiences in Somalia, Niger, DRC and Mozambique. In Mali, a government soldier identified as Corporal Timely was caught stealing weapons (PM, mortars) from the store of a barracks.

Several weapons had already been stolen from the barracks. The lack of effective protection of stockpiles of arms and ammunition in many regions of the Continent, particularly the Sahel Belt and Lake Chad Basin constitutes a setback to the fight against violent extremism and terrorism. The situation is worrisome as the escalation of terrorist attacks in the Sahel is in part attributed to the proliferation of small arms and light weapons. The current precarious security situation in many regions on the continent requires much more rigor in the implementation of policies linked to SALW. Collective awareness, improving physical security and stockpile management of government held SALW and ammunition as well as preventing their diversion and illicit trafficking are required in the fight against terrorism.