AFRICA RECORDED A TOTAL OF 67 TERRORIST ATTACKS RESULTING IN A TOTAL OF 379 DEATHS

Map 16-31 July 19-s

General Situation.

The reporting period, 16th to 31st July 2019 recorded a slight decrease in the number of attacks by terrorist and violent extremist groups across Africa compared to the period 1st to 15th July 2019. There was, however, a drastic increase in the number of deaths resulting from terrorist attacks.

Terrorist Attacks.

A total of 67 terrorist attacks were recorded across Africa during the period compared to 74 attacks during the preceding period.
Countries Most Affected.
The five countries most affected by terrorism during the period are Nigeria, DRC, Somalia, Burkina Faso and Mali, (In decreasing order of deaths recorded).

Target of Terrorist Attacks.

While 36 out of the 67 terrorist attacks were launched against civilians, 23 were targeted at Security Forces. Five attacks targeted Personnel of International Peace Operations (AMISOM and MINUSMA) and three others targeted Government Institutions/Officials. The attacks by al-Shabaab, ISWAP, ISCAP and JNIM were mainly against Security Forces whilst, Boko Haram (SF), ADF/ISCAP, IS affiliates in Sinaï mostly targeted civilians. ISGS targeted both civilians and security forces.
Weapons Used.
The terrorist groups used Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) in 47 out of the 67 attacks. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were used in 14 of the attacks and both IEDs and SALW were used in one attack. Other five attacks were cases of kidnapping.

Terrorism Deaths/Casualties.

A total number of 379 deaths resulting from the 67 terrorist attacks were recorded during the period. The actual casualty figures for the period were 199 civilians, 74 Military/Security personnel and 106 terrorist. Casualties Inflicted by Terrorist Groups. Boko Haram (SF) killed 78 persons (all civilians); ISWAP killed 46 Security personnel; Al-Shabaab killed 44 persons (31 civilians, 13 security personnel); ADF/ISCAP killed 22 persons (18 civilians, four Security personnel); IS affiliates in Sinai killed four civilians; ISGS killed one Security personnel; and Unknown/Other groups killed 78 persons (68 civilians, 10 Security).

Casualties Sustained by Terrorist Groups.

ISWAP suffered the highest casualties during the period. Security forces killed 47 ISWAP militants. Al-Shabaab lost 45 militants, IS affiliated groups in Sinai, Libya and Somalia lost 21, ISGS lost 14 and 36 militants from Unknown /Other groups were also killed.
Kidnapping.
25 persons were taken hostage in Cameroon, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, DRC, and Nigeria. One of them was killed and the 24 others remained in hostage.

Focus on Epicentres.

Out of the total of 67 terrorist attacks, the Sahel region accounted for 23, Horn of Africa recorded 14, and the Lake Chad Basin recorded 10. The Lake Chad Basin recorded 173 deaths from terrorist attacks, the Horn of Africa recorded 64 deaths and the Sahel region recorded 51 deaths within the period under review.

High Profile Incidents.

On 29 July, Benisheikh, Maiduguri, Borno, fighters from the ISWAP launched a dawn attack against a MJTF military barrack killing 25 troops. 47 militants were also eliminated. On 28 July, Nganzai, Maiduguri, Borno. Boko Haram militants attacked mourners returning from a funeral. 70 people were killed and 11 others injured. Counter-Terrorism Response. Deliberate CT operations resulted in the neutralization of 58 militants of terrorist groups.

Conclusions/Recommendations.

Violent atrocities committed by terrorist groups continued. The Lake Chad Basin became the centre of complex and sophisticated attacks resulting in the deaths of civilian populations and the security forces. Boko Haram and ISWAP were at the fore front of these attacks. Enhanced efforts by the Intelligence and Security agencies could contribute a great deal in degrading the capability of ISWAP and Boko Haram. The violent atrocities in the Northeastern state of Borno in Nigeria remained a challenging situation. Boko Haram and its offshoot, ISWAP displayed massive cohesion, capability and the will to thwart the efforts of the MNJTF in stabilizing the state and the Lake Chad Basin in general. Nigeria accounted for 43% of all deaths that occurred on the continent and 78% of those that occurred in West Africa. Effective response to the prevailing situation would require the adoption and ground implementation of a well thought through stakeholders-based approach that emphasizes justice, protection, education and the provision of social amenities in support of intelligence led security operations to deny the groups the foot hold they currently have in the area. A Human Security Response Approach that encompasses a Whole of Government/Society are worth considering.

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