AFRICA RECORDED A TOTAL OF 74 TERRORIST ATTACKS RESULTING IN A TOTAL OF 224 DEATHS

Map 1-15 July 2019-s

General Situation.

The reporting period, 1st to 15th July 2019 recorded almost the same number of attacks by terrorist and violent extremist groups across Africa compared to the period 16th to 30th June 2019. There was, however, a drastic reduction in the number of deaths resulting from terrorist attacks.
Terrorist Attacks.

A total of 74 terrorist attacks were recorded across Africa during the period compared to 75 attacks during the preceding period.

Countries Most Affected.
The five countries most affected by terrorism during the period are Somalia, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso and DRC (In decreasing order of deaths recorded).

Target of Terrorist Attacks.

While 48 out of the 74 terrorist attacks were launched against civilians, 14 were targeted at Security Forces. Seven attacks targeted Personnel of International Peace Operations (AMISOM and MINUSMA) and five others targeted Government Institutions/Officials. The attacks by al-Shabaab, Boko Haram (SF), ISGS, ISCAP, and JNIM were mainly against civilians whilst, ISWAP mostly targeted Security Forces.

Weapons Used.

The terrorist groups used Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) in 42 out of the 74 attacks. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were used in 23 of the attacks. Other two attacks involved the use of both IEDs and SALW. Six other attacks were cases of kidnapping.

Terrorism Deaths/Casualties.

A total number of 224 deaths resulting from the 74 terrorist attacks were recorded during the period. The actual casualty figures for the period were 147 civilians, 64 Military/Security personnel and 13 terrorists.

Casualties Inflicted by Terrorist Groups.

Al-Shabaab killed 104 persons (63 civilians, 41 security); ISGS killed 21 persons (3 civilians, 18 Security); ISCAP killed 11 (9 civilians, 2 military); Boko Haram (SF) killed 5 persons (4 civilians, 1 Security); JNIM killed two civilians and Unknown/Other groups killed 68 persons (66 civilians, 2 Security).

Casualties Sustained by Terrorist Groups.

Al-Shabaab suffered the highest casualties. Security forces killed 47 Al Shabaab fighters during the period. IS affiliated groups in Libya lost one fighter and two militants from Unknown /Other groups were also killed.

Kidnapping.

6 cases of kidnapping were recorded and a total of 49 persons were taken hostage in Cameroon, Somalia, Mali and Niger. One out of the 49 persons kidnapped was killed and 48 others remained in hostage.

Focus on Epicentres.

Out of the total of 74 terrorist attacks, Sahel region accounted for 36, Horn of Africa recorded 19, and Lake Chad Basin recorded 6. The Horn of Africa recorded 116 deaths from terrorist attacks, the Sahel region recorded 45 deaths and the Lake Chad Basin recorded 11 within the period under review.

High Profile Incidents.

On 12 July, Kismayo town, Juba, Somalia, Al-Shabaab militants attacked the As-Asey Hotel with PBIEDs. 33 persons were killed and 56 others injured. On 15 July, in Hangan, Hiraan, Somalia, A military truck transporting Ethiopian soldiers serving under AMISOM hit IED killing 20 soldiers.

Counter-Terrorism Response.

Deliberate CT operations resulted in the neutralization of 39 militants of terrorist groups.

Conclusions/Recommendations.

Local terrorist groups with an affiliation to either al-Qaeda or Islamic State (IS) continue to dominate the terrorism landscape across Africa. While the local terrorist groups do advocate some specific local grievances, their operations and attacks assume the nature and character of attacks by al Qaeda or Islamic State depending on their affiliation. The wave of renewal of the oath of allegiance (Bay’at) by various IS affiliated groups on the continent to the IS “Caliph” Abu Bakr al Baghdadi continued. This is anticipated to increase the momentum of IS affiliated groups on the Continent. Somalia remained a challenging situation within the period. The country accounted for almost 52% of all deaths that occurred on the continent and is therefore the focus of this edition of the Bulletin. A well thought through response generation mechanism that mobilizes all available assistance and support, and incorporates a ‘Whole of Government’ and ‘Whole of Society’ approaches are worthy pathway in addressing the root causes in many quarters. A reinforcement of the technical capability of the intelligence effort and providing adequate equipment for the security forces are issues that should engage the urgent attention of the policy makers in the country as well as their development partners.

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