AFRICA RECORDED A TOTAL OF 68 TERRORIST ATTACKS RESULTING IN A TOTAL OF 272 DEATHS

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 General Situation. The reporting period, 1st to 15th June 2019 recorded a slight decrease in the general number of attacks by terrorist and violent extremist groups in Africa compared to 16th to 31st May. However, the number of deaths resulting from terrorist attacks increased sharply.

 Areas Most Affected. The five countries most affected by terrorism during the period are Cameroun, Nigeria, DRC, Burkina Faso and Mali (In decreasing order of deaths recorded).

 Terrorist Attacks. A total of 68 terrorist attacks were recorded across Africa during the period.

 Target of Terrorist Attacks. While 36 out of the 68 terrorist attacks were launched against Security forces, 22 were targeted at civilians. Five attacks targeted Government Institutions/Officials and three targeted International Organizations (AMISOM and MINUSMA). The attacks by al-Shabaab, ISWAP and IS affiliates in Libya and Egypt were mainly against security forces whilst Boko Haram (SF), ADF/ISCAP and Armed separatists mainly targeted civilians.

 Weapons Used. The terrorist groups used Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) in 42 out of the 68 attacks. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were used in 23 of the attacks.

 Terrorism Deaths/Casualties. A total number of 272 deaths resulting from the 68 terrorist attacks were recorded during the period. The actual casualty figures for the period were 99 terrorist, 90 civilians and 83 Military/Security personnel.

 Casualties Inflicted by Terrorist Groups. Al-Shabaab killed 22 persons (11 civilians, 11 security); Boko Haram (SF) killed 42 persons (20 civilians, 22 Security); ISWAP killed 31 Security/military forces; ADF/ISCAP killed 15 (13 civilian, 2 Security); IS affiliates in Egypt and Libya killed 8 security/Military forces, armed separatists killed one (1) Military personnel and Unknown/Other groups killed 54 persons (46 civilians, 8 Security).

 Casualties Sustained by Terrorist Groups. Boko Haram (SF) suffered the highest casualties. Security forces killed 98 Boko Haram fighters during the period. IS affiliated groups in Egypt and Libya lost 31 fighters, ISGS lost 20 fighters, armed separatists in Cameroon lost 16 fighters, Al-Shabaab lost 11 fighters and ADF/ISCAP lost one fighter. Seven militants from Unknown /Other groups were also killed.

 Kidnapping. 12 persons were taken hostage in DRC, Kenya and Nigeria. All the 12 persons still remain in hostage. Other eight (8) people kidnapped earlier were rescued during CT operations.

 Focus on Epicentres. Out of the total of 68 terrorist attacks, Sahel region accounted for 25, Lake Chad Basin recorded 16, and Horn of Africa recorded 11. The Lake Chad Basin recorded 141 deaths from terrorist attacks, the Sahel region recorded 37 and the Horn of Africa recorded 14 within the period under review.
 High Profile Incidents. On 10 June, in Darak, far North Cameroon, Boko Haram attacked a military base. 16 soldiers and eight civilians were killed and nine others injured. 64 militants were also neutralized. On 12 June, in Kareto, Borno, Nigeria, ISWAP attacked a military base, killing around 20 soldiers.
 Counter-Terrorism Response. Deliberate CT operations resulted in the neutralization of 85 militants of terrorist groups.
Conclusions/Recommendations. Although the total number of terrorist attacks reduced slightly, the resultant number of deaths due to terrorist attacks increased sharply. The terrorism threat during the period was dominated by local terrorist groups with affiliation to either al-Qaeda or Islamic State. The sustaining nature of the affiliation between local terrorist groups on the continent and the global Salafi-Jihadi movement brings to the fore, the puzzle of why the Salafi-Jihadi idea/world view continues to attract followers on the African continent and how to address it. The affiliation of local terrorist groups in African with the global Salafi-Jihadi network tends to facilitate the acquisition of technical expertise not only in the projection of combat power but the effective use of the media. At the policy level, the structural fault lines that facilitate such affiliation need to be clearly identified and addressed with the involvement of vulnerable local communities.

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