Map 16-31 May 2019-s

General Situation.

The reporting period, 16th to 31st May 2019 recorded a decrease in the number of attacks by terrorist and violent extremist groups in all regions of Africa compared to 1st to 15th May. The number of deaths resulting from terrorist attacks also decreased.

Areas Most Affected. The five countries most affected by terrorism during the period are Nigeria, DRC, Somalia, Chad and Mali (In decreasing order of deaths recorded).

Terrorist Attacks. A total of 88 terrorist attacks were recorded across Africa during the period.

Target of Terrorist Attacks. While 37 of 88 terrorist attacks were launched against Security forces, 35 were targeted at civilians. Nine targeted International Organizations (AMISOM and MINUSMA) and seven Government Institutions/Officials. The attacks by alShabaab, JNIM, ADF/ISCAP and IS affiliates in Libya were mainly against security forces whilst Boko Haram (SF), ISWAP and ISGS mainly targeted civilians.

Weapons used. The terrorist groups used Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) in 57 out of the 88 attacks. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were used in 21 of the attacks. Three attacks involved a combination of IEDs and SALW; and seven others were cases of kidnapping.

Terrorism Deaths/Casualties. A total number of 248 terrorism deaths resulting from the 88 terrorist attacks were recorded during the. The actual casualty figures for the period are 124 civilians, 67 terrorist and 57 Military/Security personnel.

Casualties Inflicted by Terrorist groups. Al-Shabaab killed 25 persons (14 civilians, 11 security); Boko Haram (SF) killed 47 persons (35 civilians, 12 Security); ISWAP killed 20 (15 civilians, 5 Security); JNIM killed 5 (1 civilian, 4 Security); IS affiliates in Libya killed 2 personnel, and Unidentified groups killed 82 persons (59 civilians, 23 Security).

Casualties sustained by Terrorist Groups. ADF/ISCAP suffered the highest casualties. DRC security forces killed 26 ADF/ISCAP fighters during the period. AlShabaab lost 24 fighters, Boko Haram (SF) lost 23 fighters, and Islamic State in Somalia (ISS) lost two fighters and IS affiliate groups in Libya lost two fighters. 3 militants from unidentified/unaffiliated groups were also killed.

Kidnapping. Seven cases of kidnapping were recorded across Africa. In all, 32 persons were taken hostage, including 11 in Niger, eight in Mali, five in Cameroon, four in Libya and four in Burkina Faso. One hostage was killed, one released and 30 remain in captivity.

Focus on Epicentres. Out of the total of 88 terrorist attacks, Sahel region accounted for 34, Lake Chad Basin recorded 32, and Horn of Africa recorded 15. The Lake Chad Basin recorded a total death of 109 from terrorist attacks, Horn of Africa recorded 45 and the Sahel region recorded 41 deaths within the period under review.

High Profile Incidents. On 26 May in Damboa, Borno, Nigeria. ISWAP militants ambushed a convoy transporting civilians to displacement camps, killing 15 civilians and 5 soldiers. On 28 May, Macomia, Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. Assailants ambushed a truck with an IED killing 16 persons.

Counter-Terrorism Response. Security forces remained responsive to the situation during the period. Deliberate CT operations resulted in the neutralization of 13 militants from various terrorist groups.

Conclusion/Recommendation. The total number of terrorist attacks and the resultant number of deaths due to terrorist acts reduced considerably during the period. The terrorist threat however remains potent. While security forces and the civilian population did suffer the brunt of terrorist attacks in the Sahel and Lake Chad basin regions, government officials and installations were the primary targets of terrorist attacks in the East and Horn of Africa. In mobilizing partnership, political will and resources to address the situation of terrorism in Africa, consideration would need first to be given to the crystallization of consensus on what exactly the challenge derives from, a clear concept of operation on how to address the challenge and what it takes to do so.

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