JOINT WORKSHOP ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE REGIONAL COUNTER TERRORISM STRATEGY FOR SOUTHERN AFRICA

AU-SADC-2

The Joint Workshop on the implementation of the Regional Counter Terrorism
Strategy for Southern Africa was held in Dar-es Salaam, United Republic of
Tanzania, on 15-16 March 2017.

2. The Workshop was attended by all Member States in the Region except Angola,
Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles and Swaziland. The coorganizer,
United Nations Counter Terrorism Centre (UNCCT), and
representatives from UNODC (Terrorism Prevention Branch and Regional office
for Southern Africa), UN-CTED, UNDP-Regional Service Centre for Africa (RSC),
UNDP Tanzania, and UNDPA Liaison Office to SADC were in attendance.
Representatives from the African Centre for the Study and Research on
Terrorism (ACSRT) and Committee of Intelligence and Security Services in Africa
(CISSA) also attended the workshop.
3. The Workshop was officially opened by Hon. Hamad M.Y Masauni, Deputy
Minister of Home Affairs, United Republic of Tanzania. In his remarks, he
extended special welcome to all the delegates to the Republic of Tanzania and
Dar es Salaam in particular. He also wish to expressed gratitude on behalf of the
Government and the people of the Republic of Tanzania for having been
accorded the opportunity to host this Counter Terrorism Workshop jointly
organized by the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the
UNCCT. To this end, SADC wishes to thank the UNCCT and the African Centre
for Study and Research on Terrorism for their continued support in fighting the
threat of terrorism in the Region and beyond.
4. The officiating guest of honour further recognized the presence of Member
States which he described as a clear indication of their commitment and sacrifice
in fighting the scourge of terrorism. In addition, HE Masauni noted that terrorism
is one of the main threats facing Southern Africa due to, among others,
inadequate and under-trained security personnel, porous borders and lack of upto-date
equipment at border points and increased flow of illegal migrants from the
Horn of Africa, Asia and Middle East into the Region. He therefore urged all
delegates to fully contribute and apply themselves during the workshop in order
to map up a way forward on how best the Southern Africa Regional Counter
Terrorism Strategy could bear results in fighting the scourge of terrorism.
5. Presentation on terrorist threat in Southern Africa highlighted vulnerability areas
of the region, not limited to:
i) inadequate legislation, lack of human , technical and financial capacity of
institutions responsible to addressing terrorism
ii) perceptions of social exclusion and corruption,
iii) lack of effective and consistent information sharing among security,
border and other agencies at local, national and regional level;
iv) inadequate collaboration between government and civil society;
v) porous borders;
vi) and rampant illegal migration
6. The threat assessment also covered terrorist activities in Southern Africa such
as:-
i) Potential terror attacks at Western interests;
ii) Use of the Region for planning, training and resource mobilization by
terrorist groups;
iii) Recruitment and return of foreign terrorist fighters.
The threat assessment also gave an overview of measures by Southern Africa to
fight the scourge of terrorism.
7. In reviewing status of implementation of the Regional Counter Terrorism Strategy
for Southern Africa, various measures were implemented, including:
i) Formulation of National Counter Terrorism Strategies in some Member
States;
ii) Raising awareness on the dangers of radicalization and violent extremism
iii) Addressing social and economic marginalization through poverty reduction
programmes and creation of employment opportunities for the youths and
other vulnerable groups;
iv) Enactment and review of terrorism related legislations;
v) Ratification of regional and international legal instruments aimed at
addressing terrorism;
vi) Enhancement of border security especially through installation of update
scanning equipment, integrated migration system, holding of regular joint
operations and meetings;
vii) Establishment of specific units to fight terrorism such as Financial
Intelligence Units, National coordinating structures;
viii) Enhance cooperation at both local and international levels; and
ix) Enhance security of critical installations.
8. The Workshop identified the following challenges in the implementation of the
Counter Terrorism Strategy:-
i) Lack of harmonization of legislations related to addressing terrorism at
national and regional level;
ii) Lack of adequate understanding of indicators of radicalization and violent
extremism;
iii) Inadequate resources to implement the measures; and
iv) Lack of adequate capacity of security and border personnel to effectively
implement the Strategy.
9. Partner Agencies including UNCCT, UNDP, UNDPA Liaison Office to SADC,
UNODC, CISSA and ACSRT outlined areas of support that could be extended to
SADC Member States in the implementation of the Regional Counter Terrorism
Strategy: The technical support will cover the following:-
• ratification international legal instruments against terrorism
• update national legislation for compliance with international instruments
and requirements
• strengthen capacity of national criminal justice system entities to carry out
measures against terrorism and violent extremism in compliance with the
rule of law and human rights
• regional and international cooperation in criminal matters (mutual legal
assistance & extradition)
• Continuous exchange of information on prevention of violent
extremism;
• Sharing of research reports on journey mapping
• mobilizing resources to complement MS/RECS/RMS CT efforts;
• conducting Evaluation Missions in SADC MS in line with the Regional CT
Strategy and other continental and international CT instruments;
• Capacity building programs – based on findings from Evaluation Missions
and other relevant Regional/ MS needs, mobilize resources and conduct
workshops, seminars, symposia, colloquia and training courses in the
necessary areas, inter alia:
a) Countering and Prevention of Violent Extremism
b) Protection of Critical Infrastructures and Sensitive Sites
c) Suppression of terrorism financing
d) Border Security management
e) Effective Prosecution and justice delivery in Terrorismrelated
cases
f) Information exchange
g) Gender role in CT and PVE
• Promote and strengthen the area of cooperation between CISSA and
SADC Secretariat based on the Memorandum of Understanding
(MoU), signed in 2012;
• Invite SADC to participate in all CISSA Meetings / Workshops related
to combating the phenomenon of Radicalization, Violent Extremism
and Terrorism;
• Exchange views in regular basis (Every three months) between CISSA
Secretariat and SADC Secretariat in the area related to the threats of
the Radicalization, Violent Extremism and Terrorism to the region;
• Continue providing Member Services of SADC region with early
warning alerts, analytical and updated reports on the activities of
terrorist organizations operating in the continent;
• Continue providing Member States with its regular continental
assessment on terrorism and violent extremism, which CISSA
produces every three months;
• Continue its current strategy aims to establish a database / watch list
of the Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTFs), as well as, profile Terrorists
who are involved in the activities of terrorist organizations operating in
the continent. The main aim of this database / watch list is to come-up
with an African Terrorists Watch List, which will be shared with all
CISSA members and partners such as SADC Secretariat;
• Encourage joint monitoring of terrorist organizations, sponsors, source
of funding and weapons, as well as training; and
• Organize joint operations between Member Services of CISSA in the
region on issues such as, border patrols in order to check movements
of FTFs and weapons.
• Assist in developing programmes to raise awareness;
• Capacity building in border security and management, prevention of
Violent Extremism and countering financing of terrorist activities.
10. In order to expedite the full implementation of the Regional Counter Terrorism
Strategy, the workshop developed and agreed upon a roadmap that identified
priority areas from the Plan of Action of the Regional Counter Terrorism Strategy
to be implemented. The roadmap is attached.
Done in Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania on 16 March 2017.